About Diabetes

What is Diabetes?
Risk Factors
A Future with Diabetes

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Roughly 23.6 million people in the United States have diabetes, however, 5.7 million are unaware they have it. In fact, by the time diabetes is diagnosed, most individuals already have had diabetes for 7 to 10 years. Nearly 7 million people have a condition known as prediabetes, and without significant lifestyle changes will develop diabetes.

The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services and the Missouri Patient Care Review Foundation has identified diabetes prevention and control as a priority to improve the health of Missourians.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is an elevation of blood sugar resulting from the body’s inability to make or properly use insulin. There are three types of diabetes:

Type 1 – The body does not make insulin. Ten percent of those with diabetes are Type 1.

Type 2 – The body makes insulin, but does not make enough of it or may not use it properly. Ninety percent of those with diabetes are Type 2.

Gestational Diabetes - This is a from of glucose intolerance diagnosed during pregnancy. The goals of treatment are to keep blood sugar (glucose) levels within normal limits during the pregnancy, and to make sure that the fetus is healthy. High blood sugar levels often go back to normal after delivery. However, women with gestational diabetes should be watched closely after giving birth and at regular doctor's appointments to screen for signs of diabetes. 40 to 60 percent of women with gestational diabetes develop diabetes within 5 - 10 years after delivery. The risk may be increased in obese women.

Risk Factors

Click here to take the American Diabetes Association's Diabetes Risk Test.

  • Over 40 years of age
  • Overweight
  • Family history of diabetes
  • African American, Native American, or Hispanic
  • Diabetes during a pregnancy
  • Have given birth to a baby weighing more than 9 lbs
  • High blood pressure
  • Stress of illness or injury


  • Increased thirst or hunger, frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Numbness or tingling of the hands and feet
  • Frequent infections, slow healing wounds
  • Problems with sexual function
  • Slow healing cuts or sores

Early detection is the key. The most common symptom of elevated blood sugar is no symptom at all. Diabetes does not necessarily make you feel bad. If you are at risk for diabetes or have any of the above symptoms, get your blood sugar checked.

A Future with Diabetes

While it’s true that there is no cure for diabetes, you or your loved ones don’t have to suffer with this progressive disease. People living with diabetes can lead an active, healthy and fulfilling lifestyle, and the Capital Region Diabetes Management Center will provide you with the support to do so.

Contact Us

Call the Diabetes Management Center at 573-632-5090 for more information.